Closed System Transfer Device

Subtitle

A Closed System Transfer Device Protects From Accidental Chemo Exposure

A Closed System Transfer Device can stop accidental or leakage discharges at the time of managing chemotherapeutic agents, thus protecting health-care professional from inadvertent exposure.  The Oncology Nurses of WFBH (Wake Forest Baptist Health) in Winston-Salem, North Carolina came to a conclusion from a study about the contaminated secrets about Hazardous drugs and its risks, which will be presented at New Orleans, LA during the 37th Annual meet of ONS (oncology nursing society). 


The main objective of this study is to evaluate baseline contamination levels at the infusion center where they administer the outpatients, and to evaluate the efficiency of CSTD for controlling and reducing the occurrence of accidental exposure and intensity of surface infectivity. Also this study helps to reduce the exposure level at the chairside by sustaining an unharmed system. 


Assessment of the closed system transfer device was first executed by using wipe samples known as ChemoGLO wipes and taking sample from infusion side table, chair arm, and nearby utility cart. The samples were collected before implementing CSTD for administration. This process was repeated after 6 months and again after 15 months. The level of the paclitaxel and docetaxel chemotherapeutic agents was detected and examined by liquid chromatography connected with tandem-mass spectrometry.

Reducing occupational exposures to chemotherapy drugs: 


The implementation of CSTD reduces occupational exposure to chemotherapy drugs.  The perilous drugs like cytotoxic drug is used for cancer patients to fight with tumor cells, this drug fights tumor cells and also harms useful cells and their DNA. These kinds of dangerous drugs cause a significant occupational-exposure threat for infusion center and pharmacy personnel. 


- Occupation disclosure can cause severe symptoms like skin irritation, eye irritation, and nausea. Also the exposure to hazardous drugs causes DNA damages, miscarriage, infertility, congenital problems and premature birth. 

- The congenital problem that occurs to children who are exposed to hazardous drugs, the problems includes low-birth weight, limb abnormalities and learning disabilities. 

- Most of the anti-cancer drugs are also called as carcinogens, which are believed to be partly to blame for increased cancer rate among health-care professional. 

Contamination: Extensive and under recognized


Exposure to Hazardous drugs can result  skin and eye irritation when you get contact with the drugs, and when the vapors are inhaled or dusts, aerosols are inhaled at the time of preparing and administering the drug can cause severe health conditions like it can cause various kinds of cancers. Thousand of health-care professionals suffer from various kinds of health problems due to close contact with these hazardous drugs. Pharmaceutical staff has to deal with these drugs on daily basis. Nurses, doctors who attend the cancer patients are more likely to get exposed to these hazardous drugs.  Implementing Closed System Transfer Device at hospitals and clinics can help in stopping dangerous health problems